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FASI PRINCIPALI DI UN ACQUISTO IMMOBILIARE (COMPRAVENDITA')

1) Proposta d’Acquisto

Il primo passo da fare dopo aver trovato la casa ideale per arrivare all’atto finale è quello di formulare una proposta d’acquisto in forma scritta indirizzata al venditore versando un piccolo acconto, di solito tramite assegno intestato al proprietario o bonifico bancario.

L’agente immobiliare compilerà il modulo in vostra presenza, inserendo tutte le condizioni relative alla compravendita.

Se il venditore accetterà le vostre condizioni (accettazione scritta) le parti saranno vincolate a portare a termine la compravendita come è stato stabilito nella proposta e il venditore incasserà il vostro assegno che diventerà caparra confirmatoria.

In caso di mancata accettazione il venditore, tramite l’agente immobiliare, vi restituirà la somma versata. Da quel momento siete liberi di rinunciare all’affare oppure potete riformulare una nuova proposta con la stessa procedura della precedente.

2) Compromesso

Il compromesso (detto anche contratto preliminare di compravendita) è un atto con il quale le parti promettono di concludere un futuro contratto (rogito notarile) nel quale vengono riportate ed ampliate tutte le condizioni stabilite nella proposta d’acquisto.

Nel compromesso devono essere indicate in modo chiaro, le generalità delle parti, le caratteristiche e i dati catastali dell’immobile, il costo e le modalità di pagamento, la data di stipula del rogito con relativa consegna dell’immobile.

Inoltre deve essere indicato che la casa sarà venduta senza gravami, vincoli o ipoteche e completamente regolare sotto il profilo urbanistico.

3) Rogito Notarile

Il rogito notarile è l’atto conclusivo della compravendita e viene stipulato davanti ad un notaio e alle parti interessate (venditore ed acquirente).

Il notaio effettua preliminarmente tutte le verifiche relative all’immobile oggetto di compravendita (visure catastali, visure ipotecarie, ecc.), redige l’atto che viene firmato in sua presenza e poi effettua la registrazione versando le imposte relative, la trascrizione in conservatoria, e la voltura catastale.

Spesso con l’atto di compravendita viene firmato anche l’atto di mutuo e successivamente a questa operazione il notaio provvederà all’iscrizione ipotecaria a favore della banca erogante.

Al momento del rogito avviene il pagamento del prezzo dell’immobile, dei relativi costi notarili e delle tasse.

COSTI NOTARILI

Quando si acquista una casa bisogna tenere presente i costi notarili occorrenti. Nel caso si richiede un mutuo occorre stipulare due atti.

Gli onorari per i due atti (atto di compravendita e atto di mutuo) e le tasse dovute allo Stato ( registro – iva e imposte fisse) variano a seconda del tipo di atto, dell’eventuale importo dell’ipoteca della banca. Quindi è sempre consigliabile richiedere un preventivo dettagliato dei vari costi.

TASSE

Qui di seguito riportiamo una tabella delle tasse da pagare sull’acquisto di una casa:

  Imposta  Prima Casa  Altri Acquisti
 
Acquisto
da privato
 
Registro  2% del valore catastale 9% del valore catastale
Ipotecaria €50  €50
Catastale  €50 €50
 
Acquisto
da impresa 
IVA 4% del prezzo della casa 10% del prezzo della casa
Registro €200 €200  
Ipotecaria €200   €200  
Catastale  €200  €200 

N.B.
Riguardo, le cessioni di immobili ad uso abitativo tra privati, la legge precisa che sul rogito deve essere riportato l'effettivo corrispettivo pattuito. Merita ricordare, al riguardo, che la finanziaria 2006 ha introdotto per questo tipo di cessioni la possibilita' dell'acquirente di chiedere al notaio che la base imponibile ai fini dell'applicazione delle imposte (registro, ipotecaria e catastale) sia costituita dal valore catastale dell'immobile, indipendentemente dal corrispettivo indicato nell'atto, ovvero indipendentemente dal prezzo dichiarato dalle parti.

Per le cessioni soggette ad Iva (ovvero dove una delle parti e' un impresa o una societa'), le novita' sono altre. Le imposte, come avveniva precedentemente, continuano ad essere calcolate sul valore di cessione (il prezzo pattuito) che deve corrispondere -come minimo- a quello cosiddetto "normale", ovvero di mercato.

I requisiti necessari per usufruire delle agevolazioni prima casa sono i seguenti:

L’abitazione deve essere non di lusso.

L’immobile deve essere ubicato nel comune di residenza dell’acquirente o nel comune in cui l’acquirente stabilirà la propria residenza entro 18 mesi dall’acquisto.

L’acquirente non deve essere titolare, neppure per quote o in comunione legale, su tutto il territorio nazionale, di diritti di proprietà, uso usufrutto abitazione o nuda proprietà, su altra abitazione, acquistata, anche dal coniuge, usufruendo delle agevolazioni per l’acquisto della prima casa.

NOTE:

Caparra confirmatoria

Solitamente, al momento della proposta per l’acquisto di un immobile , si versa come anticipo una somma di denaro a titolo di caparra. Tale somma viene persa se l’acquirente si ritira dall’affare. Se è il venditore ( chi ha incassato i soldi) a ritirarsi dall’impegno, dovrà ridare all’acquirente la somma ricevuta oltre ad una penale pari a quanto incassato: in pratica, restituirà il doppio di quello ricevuto.

Certificazioni

Ricordiamo anche che il Dl 112/08 ha abrogato anche l'obbligo di allegare al rogito la certificazione degli impianti (elettrico, riscaldamento, caldaia, etc.), della quale comunque il proprietario deve dotarsi al momento della loro installazione o revisione. Anche qui e' determinante una corretta redazione del rogito, perche' la responsabilita' grava sul venditore.

Il 1/7/2009 e' entrato in vigore l'obbligo di redigere e di allegare al rogito notarile l'attestato di certificazione energetica (ACE) per le unita' immobiliari, anche sotto i 1000 mq.
Si tratta di un documento che "fotografa" il consumo energetico dell'unita' immobiliare, riportando dati sugli usi di energia inerenti il riscaldamento, la produzione di acqua calda, la climatizzazione estiva e l'utilizzo di fonti rinnovabili, con una stima delle emissioni di gas ad effetto serra determinate da tali usi. Viene rilasciato da tecnici abilitati iscritti agli Albi professionali.

Notaio

Il notaio (o nella dizione medioevale, tuttora talvolta usata, notaro) è un libero professionista e contemporaneamente un pubblico ufficiale, figura speciale prevista dall'ordinamento per favorire la registrazione capillare degli atti (in genere di diritto privato) stipulati fra i cittadini, a complemento e strumento, ed in delega generale, della funzione di registro provveduta dallo stato.

Il notaio è una figura prevista nell'ordinamento dei paesi a diritto latino, ma che non esiste o non ha corrispettivo nei paesi in cui vige il diritto anglosassone (common law).

Nel diritto italiano, secondo quanto recita l'art. 1 della legge 16 febbraio 1913, n. 89 (cosiddetta "legge notarile"), I notari sono ufficiali pubblici istituiti per ricevere gli atti tra vivi e di ultima volontà, attribuire loro pubblica fede, conservarne il deposito, rilasciarne le copie, i certificati e gli estratti.

Il notaio, per legge, non può fare l’interesse di una delle parti contraenti a danno di altre; perciò non può, ad esempio, tacere l’esistenza di una ipoteca o di un privilegio sul bene che si compra. Tale dovere di imparzialità esiste anche quando il notaio è scelto da una delle parti (tale scelta spetta, di regola, alla parte acquirente).

Il notaio garantisce la validità e l’efficacia dell’atto: non può garantire la convenienza economica dell’affare. Con l’ausilio del notaio possono essere stabilite più appropriate garanzie a tutela degli interessi dei clienti.

Proposta d’acquisto

E' l'atto emesso dai potenziali acquirenti di un'immobile (su modulo proposto dall'agenzia,), contenente precise promesse fatte al venditore sia riguardo alle condizioni di acquisto che al prezzo. I dati che devono necessariamente essere presenti sull'atto sono, oltre a quelli identificativi del venditore, del compratore e dell'immobile (indirizzo e descrizione della casa), il prezzo, le modalita' e i termini di pagamento, la data e il luogo dell'atto successivo (compromesso o rogito), la scadenza entro la quale il venditore deve dare accettazione e le eventuali penali previste in caso di inadempienza.

From the outset of meeting Tracey and Vincenzo, whilst looking for our dream home, they were incredible helpful and friendly, right to the completion date. No question we asked went unanswered and they went above and beyond to find answers to some tricky questions on our behalf. We felt very supported throughout the process with their expert knowledge and would recommend their services highly.

It was my first overseas experience when I bought my holiday home in Loreto. I was very worried on how the whole process will go, having no knowledge or experience on regulations abroad. However, it went very smooth without hassles and in no time. The whole credit goes to the professional handling and advise of the Abruzzo Reality team. I sincerely recommend Abruzzo Reality and I will not hesitate to approach them again for any similar future plans.

Everything went smoothly!!
We saw a lot of houses with a lot of agencies. Some of them were more friendly than others, but with you, from the beginning, it was just like talking to a friend, and we had never met before.
Every question, even a stupid one, you answered.
If we had a doubt, you gave us your trust by sending evidence.
Last year in April we met, to visit a few houses. The one we came for, was the one we fell in love with.
You arranged everything through email, we just had to sign and pay 😉
Even the appointment with the notary was planned according to our chosen date.
Even after the sale you are willing to help us and answer our questions.
Thank you Tracey!

Communication was easy, as speaking both English and Italian. Viewings were arranged with ease and Tracey helped us out with various issues, which helped a lot. We could not have done it without her. We would definitely recommend.

We used Tracey to sell our house in the Abruzzo. We found that the services she offered were consistently what was needed. It was never any problem for her to bring prospective purchasers, even though our house was a little off the beaten track. Having lived in the Abruzzo for many years she has local knowledge and an understanding of the culture and the people which all helps in the purchasing and selling process. We have no hesitation in recommending her services.

We used Tracey and Abruzzo Reality to sell our beautiful, small holiday house in Abruzzo. We always found her to be accommodating and friendly and very helpful. There was great communication throughout (with us being in London for most of the year) and yet she was happy to meet up whenever we were in Italy for our holidays. She explained the process well, managed the viewings and sorted all the issues to make sure that our whole selling experience was effortless. Tracey has a great knowledge of the local area and of local people and we got a great price for the house, even when the deal looked like it might fall through.

We would thoroughly recommend Abruzzo Reality and Tracey and thanks for all your efforts.

For the purchase of our house, we were lucky to have a real professional, who was able to advise us wisely, to find the property that fitted our needs and especially to follow us, to avoid any pitfalls during the purchase.
Professionalism, responsiveness, efficiency but above all an agency we can really trust and what an extraordinary thing, even 4 years after our purchase, we can always count on this agency when we have problems.
It is rare and precious.
We are very satisfied with this agency and strongly recommend the services of Abruzzo Reality.

We do not know where we would be if it weren't for the assistance provided by Tracey. She made every step of the buying process effortless as well as assistance above and beyond the actual purchase. Everything was explained in detail and their knowledge of the area, details and contacts were invaluable. She is an asset to the continued management of our property and have no hesitation in recommending her to anyone contemplating buying or selling property in Abruzzo.

I want to share the great experience I had with my agent Tracey. I’m a US resident and earlier this year I decided to make my dream of owning a home in Italy a reality. I was lucky to find Abruzzo Reality in my search.
Tracey was instrumental in refining my search and ultimate purchase in Abruzzo.
Having no idea how to purchase a property in Italy, she was able to help me through entire process. Even after the sale, Tracey helped me connect with locals to get the services I needed, from utilities to having work done.
The process couldn’t have have smoother and I highly recommend Tracey.

After deciding for ourselves that the region Abruzzo was for us the place in Italy to look for a vacation home, we came in contact with Tracey. Right from the start the contact was good and comfortable.  We never felt there was a main focus on the business side, or that we were being pushed in a direction we did not want to go.  Instead we always felt that it was up to us what kind of properties we wanted to view.  That Tracey had understood what our wishes were regarding the property and the location, became very clear when we were asked if we wanted to view a "mystery" property and fell for it right away.  It forfilled all the wishes we had for a property in Italy!

During the entire process, from start to end, we have always felt that Tracey was there to support us.  It was a very good feeling to know that a person with good knowledge of the Italian way of doing business was there to support us by doing the necessary paperwork or translation work.  Based on our own experience , we highly recommend working with Tracey Nicholas.

I cannot rate Abruzzo Reality highly enough. We were very fussy buyers!! We had a long list of things that we wanted from a house and we were beginning to think we would not find what we were looking for. It can be quite disappointing seeing what looks like a lovely property on the internet and then travelling all the way to Italy to find its next door to a factory!!
Vincenzo and Tracey however, took on board our requirements and showed us only properties that fitted the criteria we asked for. They were professional and their local knowledge of the area was invaluable. It was also nice to see that the sellers thought highly of them too.
They found us the property we eventually bought and convinced us to look at it even though we thought it might not be for us from the photos. They were right.
They guided us through the buying process and helped us every step of the way, always prompt with responses to our queries. The help did not stop after we signed the papers, they helped with bills, finding us local suppliers and services and even now help us if we have a problem or need to know where to find something.
I would highly recommend them to anyone thinking of buying in this area, with Tracey speaking English and Vincenzo’s local knowledge they make a great team.

"Can’t thank you enough for all your help. We are now Italian house owners! The people have all been so friendly and we are looking forward to getting know our new neighbours and coming back to see you. Arriverderci, but not for long!"

We used Abbruzzo Reality for the sale of our house. Their service was very good and they were able to find a good number of people to look at the house. Once a buyer was found, all of the necessary documentation, notary appointments, handover of utilities were taken care of. I wouldn't  hesitate in recommending this company’s services.

Our experience with Tracey Nicholas was professional and personable from the beginning of our purchase to closing. She guided us through the unfamiliar process of buying a home in Italy. She made what could of been an impossibility difficult process, understandable and comfortable. She and her staff were attentive to everything we required. It allowed my husband and I to focus on the joy and excitement of becoming owners in the fantastic Abruzzo area. I would recommend if you are purchasing in Abruzzo to use Tracey.

While searching for our dream house in Italy, we “shortlisted” a long list of about 30 houses in various parts of Abruzzo. More than half of the houses were from Abruzzo Reality, as Tracey was one of the few real estate agents that responded to us, and promptly too. We met different real estate agents during our house-hunting trip. Tracey and Vincenzo stood out as they patiently listened to our requirements (and we were rather fussy about what we wanted!) and brought us to see the different houses. We read about the Daunting process of buying a house in Italy and different websites tell you different things. We were glad we could leave everything to Tracey and Vincenzo! They made the whole process so much easier as we had to go back to work and could not travel to Italy as often as we would have liked. After signing for our dream house, Tracey and Manolo (the do-it-all handyman) helped us with everything from cleaning the house, dealing with the utility company, to getting the house painted. We really appreciate their help!

We cannot speak highly enough of our experience when dealing with Tracey Nicholas of Abruzzo Reality.  She made the whole selling process so simple and straightforward, and this was dealing with two customers who didn’t speak a word of Italian!  She answered every email promptly, was honest and fair and we had total faith in her from the beginning, and our trust was rewarded.  The viewing of our property, to the completion with the notary, all took place in under a month, thanks to her organisation.  We were kept fully informed at every stage, from receiving initial deposits to advising when to book our flights.  What we expected to be a complicated and nerve wracking experience actually turned out to be very enjoyable, thanks to her.  We recommended her to friends of ours, and they had exactly the same experience as us, and even said she did more than was expected to help them after their sale was completed, assisting them with the bank and transfers.  We would be happy to act as referees for anyone thinking of buying or selling with Tracey, we are totally confident you would be as pleased as we were if you used her as your agent.

I and my husband were thinking about buying a house or an apartment in Italy. Last October we visited a fair for Homes Abroad in Helsinki, Finland and afterwards we waited that one of the agency’s would contact us about the apartments.  Then, while we were on vacation at Christmas, we found in internet one apartment which was very interested. So, we contacted AbruzzoReality and Tracey. She answered very quickly and was very helpful. In the beginning of January we were visiting this apartment in Italy. The apartment was just that we were looking for. Because of Tracey, everything happened very quickly, in the 1st of February we could say: We own a part of Italy! Happy, happy, happy…
P.S. Finally the Finnish agency offered the same apartment for us but for much more expensive price…

We were extremely happy with the professional service provided by Tracey when selling our house in Abruzzo. Tracey was very efficient, responsive and provided a high quality and reliable service, as well as being a sincere person.

Tracey always kept us well informed through every step of the selling process. It is worth noting that Tracey was also prepared to put in the extra work, even driving 2 hours each way, because through her experience she knew that our property would match her client's requirements. We are very pleased Tracey put in the time and effort to sell our property as she was then able to match it to the buyer's requirement the outcome being it was sold to the first family who viewed it. I would definitely recommend Tracey who is a professional breath of fresh air, compared to the indifference showed by some other agencies (especially when selling).

"We cannot thank you enough for all the help you have given us in becoming Italian real estate owners! That lovely house is something one only dreams of!"

We had been looking for a while to find a house in Abruzzo, when we made an appointment with Tracey. What a relief. Where we thought we were well prepared and made a list with houses to visit, Tracey had a much better view on what we needed and wanted. It was love on first sight with the house she suggested.

Being a foreigner in Italy, we could use all the help we could get. Tracey and her colleagues exceeded our expectations; not only did they give us tonnes of advice and information, they also helped with several practical issues. Thanks to Tracey we experienced a very smooth operation.

Besides the professionalism, Tracey excels in trustworthiness, and she transfers this feeling also to the people she works with. We appreciate her professional sight, but we appreciate her even more for the person she is.

I can advise everyone to engage with Tracey and her colleagues when you are looking for a house in Abruzzo.

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